Although it depends on the properties of its elements, Bentonite is generally used in foundry, refining oils and juices, bleaching, making soap and other cleaning products, boreholes, paper, iron and steel industries, fertilizer and provender production, ceramic making and more. Bentonite, the trade name of montmorillonite, was first used by Knight in 1898 for clays near Fort Benton in Wyoming, USA. The name montmorillonite comes from the bentonite deposits in Montmorillon in southern France.
The world’s bentonite reserves are 1.870 million tons and are located in the USA, Russia, Turkey, Greece, Germany, Japan, Italy, Spain and England. Turkey has approximately 15 percent of the total world reserves with its 280 million tons of bentonite reserves.